The Kamchatka Peninsula is a peninsula in the Russian Far East. The Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Okhotsk make up the peninsula's eastern and western coastlines, respectively. Kamchatka is a 1,250-kilometre-long peninsula. It is located near to the mainland by a narrow (up to 93 km) isthmus which is Parapolsky Dol. The greatest width (up to 440 km) is at the latitude of the Kronotsky Cape. The total area of the peninsula is about 270 thousand km².
Kamchatka is a 780 mi peninsula. It is located near to the mainland by a narrow (up to 93 km) isthmus which is Parapolsky Dol. The greatest width (up to 440 km) is at the latitude of the Cape Kronotsky. The total area of the peninsula is about 270 thousand km².
The eastern coast of the peninsula has different forms, therefore, peninsula has many large bays which are Avachinsky, Kronotsky, Kamchatsky, Ozernoy, Karaginsky, Korf and Avachinsky, Karaga, Ossora bays. The Kamchatka or Central Range forms the spine of the peninsula. Vostochny Range or Eastern Range is located along the southeast coast. The central valley lies between these ranges . Rocky peninsulas (Shipunsky, Kronotsky, Kamchatsky, Ozernaya) are located in the sea. The southernmost point of the peninsula is Cape Lopatka.
Volcanoes are the main historic sites of the Kamchatka Peninsula. Peninsula is the most volcanic area of the Eurasian continent with many active cones. There are images of the volcanoes on the flag and coat of the Kamchatka Region and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky city, as well as on the most souvenirs which are produced in Kamchatka.
During volcanic eruptions, volcanic ash, volcanic slag and volcanic bombs are emitted into the atmosphere. Volcanic cinder, volcanic scobs and volcanic bombs are clots of the molten rock as well as a large variety of the gases and water vapor are dropped it into the atmosphere. There are more than 300 volcanoes in Kamchatka. Active and potentially active volcanoes are from 28 to 36.